“Combating hypothermia in the prehospital setting has plagued medical providers since the discovery of this metabolic derangement. Hypothermia by itself presents treatment challenges. Combined with a shock state and hypovolemia, it can be a disastrous event that will worsen and quickly lead to decompensation in critically injured patients.”

Allen, et al. Preventing Hypothermia: Comparison of Current Devices Used by the US Army in an In Vitro Warmed Fluid Model. JoT Volume 69, Number 1, July Supplement 2010